10.04.2011 16:39






The English curriculum focuses mainly on those aspects of an ESL program and seeks to develop all the linguistic areas, such as: syntax, morphology, grammar, semantics, phonetics, phonology and pragmatics. The English department will strive to ensure that all of the students in school develop the five language skills (listening, reading, writing, speaking and interacting) at their highest level. This will be accomplished by means of several strategies such as: role playing, peer interaction, group work, self and peer evaluation, etc. Thus, at the end of Eleventh grade the students will have an advanced English level.









Listening is a process that consists of five elements: hearing, attending, understanding, responding, and remembering. Hearing is the physiological dimension of listening that occurs when sound waves strike the ear at a certain frequency and loudness and is influenced by background noise. Attending is the process of filtering out some messages and focusing on others. Understanding occurs when we make sense of a message. Responding consists of giving observable feedback to the speaker such as eye contact and appropriate facial expressions. Remembering is the ability to recall information. Listening isn’t just a passive activity; we are active participants in a communication transaction.

Reading is a complex cognitive process of decoding symbols for the intention of deriving meaning (reading comprehension) and/or constructing meaning. Reading is also a means of language acquisition, of communication, and of sharing information and ideas. On the other hand, Reading could be considered as a psycholinguistic guessing game. It involves an interaction between thought and language. Efficient reading does not result from precise perception and identification of all elements, but from skill in selecting the fewest, most productive cues necessary to produce guesses which are right the first time.

 Writing is the productive skill in the written mode. It, too, is more complicated than it seems at first, and often seems to be the hardest of the skills, even for native speakers of a language, since it involves not just a graphic representation of speech, but the development and presentation of thoughts in a structured way. However, if we refer to the writing skills, we must then say that writing skills are specific abilities which help writers put their thoughts into words in a meaningful form and to mentally interact with the message.

Speaking is defined as a focus on basic competencies needed for everyday life -- for example, giving directions, asking for information, or providing basic information in an emergency situation. This approach has been taken in the Speech Communication Association's guidelines for elementary and secondary students. Many of these broader views stress that oral communication is an interactive process in which an individual alternately takes the roles of speaker and listener, and which includes both verbal and nonverbal components.